The depth of the ball bearing in the test panel when the coating is cracking, is determined. In PVD coatings, the structure has been found to be a strong function of the ratio of the substrate temperature to the melting point of the material being deposited. The load lock is pumped down and the parts are preheated to about 900-1000°C before being transferred to the coating chamber. 1995. In the oven of the applicator the curing schedule can be worked out by means of the Grant Recorder. The coating stretches and cracks at last. Goward, G.W., and L.W. d.write('